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Meniscal Injury

Meniscal Injury

  • Meniscal tears are common in young patients with sports related injuries and older patients as a degenerative condition.
  • It is of higher risk in ACL deficient knees.
  • Medial tears are more common than lateral tears.

Causes -

  • Sudden squatting or twisting the knee.
  • Older people due to age, worn out tissues and weak cartilages.
  • Even a twist while doing sit to stand may lead to tear in old age.

Symptoms -

  • Pain localizing to medial or lateral side.
  • Locking and clicking of knee especially while squatting
  • Delayed or intermittent fasting.
  • Joint line tenderness is the most sensitive physical examination finding.

Investigations -

  • Physical Examination
  • Xrays
  • MRI

Treatment -

  • Conservative or surgical - depending on the grade of tear.
  • Healing & Recovery, reduce effusion
  • Strengthening
  • Functional training and conditioning