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Low Back Pain

A common, painful condition affecting the lower portion of the spine. It affects 50-80% of the population. Most low back pain is the result of an injury, such as muscle sprains or strains due to sudden movements or poor body mechanics while lifting heavy objects.

Causes -

  • Obesity
  • Poor posture & ergonomics
  • Spinal causes - disc rupture, vertebral fracture, OA, RA, Ankylosing spondylitis, spinal stenosis, sciatica, scoliosis.
  • Tumours impinging the spinal nerves
  • Pregnancy

Investigations -

  • Manual tests
  • MRI
  • Xray
  • CT Scan
  • Myelogram

Treatment -

  • It is dictated on the cause of pain.